Lebanon Valley College BULLETIN Vol. XXXI AUGUST, 1942 No. 5 EXTENSION, SATURDAY and EVENING CLASSES PUBLISHED BY LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ANNVILLE, PA. Published Monthly. Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under act of August 24, 1912. EXTENSION, SATURDAY AND EVENING SCHOOL OFFICERS AND ADMINISTRATION CLYDE A. LYNCH, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D President. SAMUEL O. GRIMM, A.M., Sc.D. Registrar MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. Director of Extension, Sat- urday and Evening Classes. FACULTY OF EXTENSION, SATURDAY AND EVENING SCHOOL HIRAM SHENK, A.M., LL.D. .. _ Professor of History SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D. Professor of Biological Science SAMUEL 0. GRIMM, A.M., Sc.D. _ _ __ Professor of Physics MARY C. GREEN Professor of French ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D. _.. Professor of Cheinistry PAUL A. WALLACE, Ph.D. ___ _ _ Professor of English G. ADOLPHUS RICHIE, A.M., D.D. ^ Professor of Bible and New Testament Greek. MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. Professor of Biisiness Ad- ministration and Economics. STELLA JOHNSON STEVENSON, Ph.D. Professor of French Liter- at}(re and Spanish. V. EARL LIGHT, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biological Science LENA LOUISE LIETZAU, Ph.D. Professor of German MARY E. GILLESPIE, M.A. _ Director of the Conservatory of Music GEORGE G. STRUBLE, Ph.D. ^_ . Associate Professor of English L. G. BAILEY, Ph.D. _ _ _ . . _ . .Professor of Psychology ALVIN H. M. STONECIPHER, Ph.D. Dean; Professor of Latin Lan- guage and Literature. AMOS BLACK, Ph.D _ _ , Professor of Mathematics^ PAUL 0. SHETTEL, M.A., B.D., S.T.D. . Professor of Philoso- phy and Religion. CLYDE S. STINE, A.M., Ph.D. Professor of Education FREDERIC K. MILLER, A.M. _ . .. ^ Acting Professor of History JERMAIN D. PORTER, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Chemistry and Physics. 2 GENERAL STATEMENT Through extension work in Harrisburg, evening classes at the col- lege in Annville, and summer school, Lebanon Valley College has for many years enabled many students to obtain college courses and secure academic degrees while continuing their regular occupations. By a care- ful selection of courses and consultation with the heads of the depart- ments of the college or the director of extension and evening classes, a student can meet the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate degree while earning a livelihood. All extension and evening courses are taught by full time members of the college faculty. The courses offered in extension and evening class work are so alternated from year to year that a student can readily secure those required for graduation. ACADEMIC STANDING Lebanon Valley College is fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania, the American Association of Col- leges and Secondary Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Mary- land. It is a member of the American Association of Colleges and of the American Council on Education, Lebanon Valley College is an Associate Member of the National Association of Schools of Music. The Conservatory of Music is fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. LOCATION The college is situated at Annville, twenty-one miles east of Harris- burg on the Benjamin Franklin Highway. Students from Harrisburg and the vicinity may commute to the colleee in less than forty minutes time. ^ REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE Lebanon Valley College offers the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) and the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Res"dence Degrees will be conferred only upon candidates who have reaiiirement completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regu- larly conducted classes on the college campus. This re- quirement may be met through attendance at evening and Saturday classes offered at the college. Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 126 se- Hours mester hours credits in academic work, and four in Physical Education. Extension and evening class students are not required to have the work in Physical Education. p. ,., Candidates for degrees must also obtain a mimimum of 130 (Quality quality points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 Points points for each credit hour; for a grade of B, 2 points; for a grade of C, 1 point. No quality credit will be given for a grade of D. ... As part of this total requirement, every candidate must and M'no present at least 24 semester hours in one department (to * ^ be known as his Major), and at least 16 semester hours in another department (to be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected before registration for the sophomore year, the Minor to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and ap- proval of the Head of the Major Department. The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). Political Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psycholosry, The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major in the following departments: Biolosrv, Chemistry, Mathematics (Science option). Physics, Business Administration and Economics. Education, Music Education. Students majorinsr in Education must take two Minors of not less than 18 semester hours each. 3 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Certain courses embodying: the fundamentals of a liberal education, are required by all students. These courses, which vary slightly according to the degree sougfht, are as follows: Bible 14 and 82 6 hours English 16 and 26 Foreign Language^ History^ . .. 6 hours Hygiene and Orientation 2 hours Mathematics'^ Philosophy 32 2 hours Physical Education 4 hours Psychology 14 4 hours Science-* Social Studies _ 6 hours Economics 16 or Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or Political Science 16 or Sociology 13 and 23 1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' co"urse. Courses may be selected from French, German, Latin, or Spanish. 2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 4 Biology IS, Chemistry 18, and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the B.S. degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. For explanation of the numbers see the college Bulletin. Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at once with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for s^raduation. PRE-PROFESSIONAL COURSES The college offers pre-medical, pre-legal, pre-theological courses to prepare students for entrance to schools of Medicine, Law, and The- ology. For students who wish to major in the field of economics in preparation for the business world, the college offers a course in Bus- iness Administration. Students interested in these fields should write to the Registrar for the College Bulletin. MUSIC The college has a separate department, the Conservatory of Music, for those interested in Music. Students interested in this field should write either to the Director of the Conservatory of Music or the College Registrar for the bulletin of the Conservatory. CREDITS Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, grades and number of semester hours credit. FEES A fee of one dollar will be charged for matriculation. In the case of students registered in both extension and evening courses only one ma- triculation fee is required. The tuition charge for Extension and Sat- urday and Evening Courses will be $8.00 for each semester hour of credit. A special tuition fee of $5.00 per semester hour will be charged persons who desire to take any of the courses as an auditor, without ex- amination and without credit. 4 Fees for the first semester are due and payable on or before Oc- tober 15 and for the second semester on or before February 15. Re- mittances should be made to Lebanon Valley College and may be sent by mail to J. W. Esbenshade, Secretary of the Finance Committee. REGISTRATION Special registration evenings for the extension classes in Harris- burg will be held in the Central High School Building, on Forster Street from 7:00-9:00 p. m. on Monday and Tuesday evening's. Sentember 14th and 15th. At that time students interested in Extension classes may meet and consult with the director, and extension class teachers rela- tive to their courses. Students unable to register on either of the above evenings may do so on the evening the class in which they are inter- ested meets. Registration for the evening classes at Annville will be held on Friday evening. Seotember 18th. The Extension and Evening- Class representative of the Colles-e in Harrisburg and the vicinity is Miss Viola Fasrer. 1217 North Second Street, Harrisburg. EXTENSION COURSES 1942-1943 Central School, Forster Street, Harrisburg, Pa. Classes beerin the week of September 14th Course General Psychology 07- Applied Psychology Survey of Ene'lish Litera- ture or Shakespeare English History or The Renaissance Economics Mathematics or Statistics English Composition or American Literature Political Science Time Mondays, 7:00 p. m. Dr, Professor L. G. Bailey Tuesdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace Tuesdays, 7:00 p. m. Prof. F. K. Miller Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m.Dr. Amos Black Thursdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. Geo. G. Struble Thursdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. H. H. Shenk DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED IN HARRISBURG BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION E-13. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and function of economic geography, distribution of population, the earth, land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more im- portant commodities of the world's trade — their production, export and import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on the chief sources of rav/ materials, their industrial uses and the marketinsr and transportation problems connected therewith. Particular stress will be placed on critical and strategic materials, their availability and sub- stitutes, if any. First or second semester. Three semester hours cred- it. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes OR ECONOMICS E-16. Principles of Economics. A course dealine with the prin- ciples underlying the operation of the economic system. A study of pro- duction, value, distribution and consumption. The course is based partly on lectures and partly on a discussion of problems. The course is re- quired of all ma.iors in Social Science and Business Administration. Throughout the year. Students mav take either or both semesters. Three semester hours credit. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes E-73. Economics of War. The course aims to acauaint students with the various economic problems created bv war. the effect of war on the national and international economv. The course will deal in partic- ular with: economic causes of war; economic objectives of war; problems of war production; war labor problems; financinp' the war effort — both public finance and business finance; the price problem; fiscal control, credit control and general price ceiling; control over demand' the sup- ply of strategic materials; war time management of the monetary and banking system; war time foreign trade control; transportation in war time; consumers in war time; economic warfare; post war international economics. First or second semesters. Three semester hours credit. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes ENGLISH E-lfi. English Composition. — This course is required of all stud- ents proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Three semes- ter hours credit. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. George G. Struble OR E-526. American Literature. This course will deal with American Literature from the beginnings to the present day. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. George G. Struble E-26. Survey of English Literature. This course is required of all students proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Tuesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace OR E-63. Shakespeare. A brief survey of the drama from ancient Greece to Elizabethan England, followed by a study of Shakespeare's principal comedies, histories and tragedies. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Tuesdav evenings. 7:00 u. m. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace HISTORY E-36. The History of England and the British Empire. This course deals with the development of England and the Empire from the earliest times to the present. Throughout the vear. Three semester hours credit. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Professor F. K. Miller OR E-213. The Renaissance and the Reformation. A studv of the po- litical, economic, cultural and social chanp-es that occurred from the 13th to the 16th centuries. One semester. Three semester hours credit. Tuesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Professor F. K. Miller E-223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the conditions in the 17th and 18th centuries which led to the outbreak of the Revolution; the events of the Revolution itself, and the effect of the Revolution upon the rest of Europe. The career of Napoleon and the results of his work. One semester. Three semester hours credit. Tues- day evenings, 7:00 n. m. Professor F. K. Miller MATHEMATICS E-13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion; variation; progress" ons; binominal theorem; theorem of undetermined coefficients; 6 logarithms; permutations and combinations; theory of equations; partial fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Wednes- day evening's. 7:00 p. m. Dr. Amos H. Black E-23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions; right and oblique triangles; computation of distances and heights; devel- opment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 d. m. Dr. Amos H. Black OR E-36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. Throughout the year. Three semes- ter hours credit. Wednesday eveninp's. 7:00 v. m. Dr. Amos H. Black OR E-103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction to the use of statistics; method of collection of statistical data, tabulation and graphic presentation; statistical tables, simple curves, semi-logarithmic or ratio charts, various types of charts; ratios and percentages: the freauency of distribution; averages; dispersion and skewness; fitting curves; time series; fundamentals in index number construction: correlation This course will be offered strictly from the mathematical viewDoint. If there is a sufficient demand the course will be followed bv a course in applied statistics — Business Statistics, offered by the Economics Department of the college, the second semester. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Wednesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Dr. Amos Black or POLITICAL SCIENCE E-16. Principles and Policies of American Government. Through- out the year. Three semester hours credit. Thursday evenings. 7:00 p. m. - _ Dr. H. H. Shenk PSYCHOLOGY E-53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of Psy- chology to the various fields of human relations. It includes such topics as: increase of efficiency, effect of suggestion, improvement of personal- ity, advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. First se- mester. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Dr. L. G. Bailey OR E-13. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the stud- ent with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psycho- logical principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tenden- cies, acquired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reason- ing. Lectures, discussions. First semester. Three semester hours cred- it. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. L. G. Bailey E-93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the study of abnormal behavior, including such topics as hysteria, multiple personali- ty, hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study of psychological processes as they occur in the more marked forms of derangement. Prerequisite: General Psychology. Second se- mester. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. OR E-63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective person- ality adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more com- mon and emotional maladjustments among college students. Pre-requi- site: General Psychology. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. L. G. Bailey MIDDLETOWN EXTENSION COURSES Middletown HiR-h School Registration for extension courses in Middletown will be held in the Hifirh School in Middletown on Monday and Tuesday evenines, SeDtember 21st and September 22nd from 7:00 to 9:00 v. m. Students interested in extension classes may consult with the direc- tor and extension teachers at the times indicated relatiye to the courses desired. Any course listed in the Bulletin as beinp- offered in Harrisbura' or Annville, with the exception of laboratory work in the Science courses, will be a'iven in Middletown, provided there is a sufficient demand for the course. While working in the defense industries and other occupations it is possible to secure College courses and to proceed toward a College de- gree. To aid more directly in the defense industries courses may be of- fered in: Accounting, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Statistic?. The time any course will be offered will be arraneed at the time of registration. SATURDAY AND EVENING CLASSES 1942-1943 Administration Buildiyiq, Annville, Pa. Classes will be organized Friday, September 18th, 7:00 p. m. Course Room No. Professor Bible 14 20 Dr. G. A. Richie Biology 18 23 Dr. V. Earl Light Biology 28 22 Dr. S. H. Derickson Business Administration 18 Dr. M. L. Stokes Chemistry 18, 28 9 Dr. Andrew Bender Economics 18 Dr. M. L. Stokes Education Philo Hall Dr. Clyde S. Stine English 16 Dr. Wallace and Dr. Struble French 15 Mary C. Green German 13 Dr. Lena L. Lietzau History 18 Professor F. K. Miller Latin Dean's Office Dr. A. H. M. Stonecipher Mathematics 17 Dr. Amos Black and Dr. S 0. Grimm Music 553 Conservatory Mary E. Gillespie Philosophy 02, 32 5 Dr. P. 0. Shettel Physics 18 17 Dr. Jermain D Porter Psycholoerv 27 Dr. L. G. Bailey Sociology 5 Dr. H. H. Shenk Spanish 29 Dr. Stella J. Stevenson DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED IN ANNVILLE The following courses will be offered by the college at Annville dur- ing the college year 1942-1943. The Science courses offer four semester hours credit — two hours credit for the lecture work and two hours credit for the laboratory Avork per semester. The lecture work and the labora- tory work are offered on different evenings. If the classes so desire_ the laboratory work may be offered Saturday mornings. Residence credit is given for all courses taken at the college. The time for the weekly meetings of each class will be arranged at the time classes are organized. Org^anization of classes will take place Friday. September 18th, at 7:00 p. m. Most of the courses are offered Friday evenings, and are offered at such times as to enable students to take two courses. Should a class so desire a course may be offered on Saturday mornings. BIBLE 14. Introduction to English Bible. — An appreciative and historical suryey of the literature of tlie Old and New Testaments. This is a re- quired course for all students proceeding to a degree. Throughout the year. Two semester hours credit. Dr. G. A. Richie 82. The Teaching of Jesus. This covirse attemnts an intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gosnels. This course is ■- required f'ourse for all students proceeding to a des'ree. Sec- ond semester. Two semester hours credit. Dr. P. 0. Shettel BIOLOGY 18. General Biology. — This course fulfills the science require- ments of students proceeding toward a degree excepting those majoring in science in which case additional science courses are required. In addi- tion to two hours of lectures per week, four hours work per week in the laboratory is required. The lectures will be held on Tuesday evenings and the laboratory work will be held on Wednesday evenings. Credit will be granted to those students who wish only the lecture work and not the laboratory work. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. Dr. V. Earl Light 28. Botany. The object of the course is to give the student a general knowledge of the plant kingdom. One or more types of each of the classes of algae, fungae, liverworts, mosses, ferns, and seed plants are studied. Special attention is given to the phvlos'eny and ontogeny of the several groups, and constant comparisons are made of those structures indicating relationships. The princinles of classification are learned by the identification of about one hundred and fifty soecies of ijlants represented in the local sprinp- -^^ora. These studies are conducted in the field so that the plants are seen as dynamic forces adapted to their environment. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. Dr. S. H. Derickson BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 14. Economic Geography. (See description on page 5). Three semester hours credit. First semester. OR 153. Investments. The course deals with the develonment and place of investment in the field of business and its relation to other eco- nomic, legal and social institutions. The nrincinles of investments are presented along with a description of investment machinery. An an- alysis is made of the various classes of investment. Three semester hours credit. First semester. 73. Marketing. A study is made of the methods and nolicies of the marketing of agriculture products and the merchandising of manu- factured commodities. The following tonics are dealt with in particular: meaning and importance of marketine distribution: marketing functions: trade channels; development of marketing methods: co-operative mar- ketins-; price policies: trade information: market analysis: marketin<? costs: an analysis of the merits and defects of the existina- distributive organization. Three semester hours credit. Second semester. 36. Accounting. If a sufficient number demand a course in Ac- counting this may be offered in place of any of the above. CHEMISTRY 18. General Inorganic Chemistry. A svs*^ematic study of the fun- damentals of Chemistry. The rapid increase in knowledge of the material 9 world in which we live and particularly the new knowledge of the con- stitution and structure of matter demands a popular approach to Chem- istry. While this procedure is followed in the course, the aim is to lay a firm foundation for those who will pursue the subject matter further. The time for lectures and for the laboratory work will be arranged when the class is organized. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. Dr. Andrew Bender OR 48. Organic Chemistry. The course includes a study of the sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. Pre- requisite Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee is $24.00. The time for lec- tures and for the laboratory work will be arranged when the class is organized. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. Dr. Andrew Bender 98. Analytical Chemistry. A course in Analytical Chemistrv will be offered if there is a sufficient demand for it. The course offers eight semester hours credit. Dr. Andrew Bender ECONOMICS 16. Economic Theory. A course dealine with the principles of eco- nomics. Throughout the year. The course mav be taken either semes- ter or both semesters. Three semester hours credit. Dr. M. L. Stokes OR 33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and functions of money; monetarv standards and systems: monetarv devel- opment in the United States; the national banking system: the struc- ture and functions of the Federal Reserve Svstem: commercial bankine: credit and its uses; credit control: monetary policy and the business cycle; central banks; investment bankine; savings banks: consumptive credit institutions; agricultural credit. Either semester. Three semes- ter hours credit. Dr. M. L. Stokes EDUCATION 202 or 203. Visual Education. — The psychology of visual and sen- sory aids to learning and their administration will be studied. Special attention will be given to the sources and types of visual aids which are within the means of the ordinary school system and classroom teacher. Lectures, readings, reports, demonstrations and individual pro- jects. The State course will be followed. Laboratory fee, $4.00. First semester. Two or three semester hours credit. Dr. Clyde S. Stine 13. History of Education. An analysis of the history of education from the time of early Greek education to the present day. Special at- tention will be given to the aims, content, organization, and results of the educational systems of various countries, as well as to the great leaders of educational thought. Three semester hours credit. Second semester. Dr. Clyde S. Stine OR 82. Educational Measurements.— A critical analysis of the problemsi in measuring the results of teaching. A studv of the uses and adminis- tration of representative tests and scales for junior and senior high school subjects. Second semester. Two semester hours credit. Dr. Clvde S. Stine NOTE: If there should be a sufficient demand any other standard course in the Secondary Educational field may be offered in place of or in addition to History of Education or Educational Measurements. ENGLISH 63. Shakespeare, A brief survey of the drama from ancient xo Greece to Elizabethan England, followed by a study of Shakespeare's principal comedies, histories and tragedies. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 522. American Literature. From the beginnings to the present day. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. George G. Struble 152. History of the English Language. Historical study of Eng- lish sounds, reflections and vocabulary. Standards of correctness, cur- rent usage. Recommended especially for prospective teachers of Eng- lish. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. George G. Struble OR 132. Contemporary Drama. A survey of American and British Drama since 1890. Three semester hours credit. Either semester. Dr. Georsre G. Struble FRENCH 06. Elementary French. — This course is intended for those who begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple French sentences, to carry on a conversat.'on in easy French, and to read Frtnch of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be counted toward a major. The course is given throughout the year. Mary C. Green OR 16. First Year College French. — This is a continuation and exten- sion of course 06, and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. This course is given throughout the year. Three hours credit per semester. Mary C. Green GERMAN 06. Elementary German. Intended to give students a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them to un- derstand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomatically. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course only if followed by German 16. The course is given throughout the year. Dr. Lena L. Lietzau OR 16. "Kulturkunde." — The making of Modern Germany, its geog- raphy, its institutions, its social and artistic life, illustrated by maps, pictures and readings from contemporary literature. This course is not only a preparation for the study of German literature but is intended also for those who wish to use German as a tool for advanced work in science and other fields. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Lena Lietzau If there should be a sufficient demand anv other course in German listed in the College Bulletin mav be o-iven in nlace of the above. HISTORY 63. Economic History of the United States. A studv of the back- ground of American Historv includino' the orowth of American Agri- cultural and Industrial Interests from Colonial beginnings to the pres- ent day development. ' One semester. Three semester hours credit. Professor F. K. Miller 163. Economic History of Europe. The course deals with the eco- nomic achievements in Eurooe from nreliterarv times to the present: economic life in the Mediterranean Basin in Classical times: the founda- tions of economic life in the Middle Aees: th<^ Manorial svstem and agrarian society the towns, trade, and industry in the Middle Ages; the expansion of Europe and the a"'e of discoverv: the Industrial Rev- 11 olution and the beffin-Mnffs of modern indus+rv and aericulture: Capital- ism and commercial policies in the earlv modern period: revolution in power, transportation and communication; economic imperialism and the World War; the post-war world. One semester. Three semester hours credit. Professor F. K. Miller OR 23-A. Europe From 1815 to 1914. A survey of Nineteenth Cen- tury Europe. This course will be followed by History 23-B. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Professor F. K. Miller 23-B. Europe From 1914 to the Present. A study of the World War and post-war problems. Emphasis will be placed upon current his- tory. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Professor F. K. Miller LATIN Any course listed in the CoUeee Bulletin for which there is a suf- ficient demand will be offered. Three semester hours credit per semes- ter. Dr. A. H. M. Stonecipher MATHEMATICS 13. Advanced Algebra. Covering: ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, loffarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of eauations. partial fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black 23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions, riffht and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- opment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black OR 36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. Throughout the year. Three semes- ter hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black OR 74. Differential Equations. A course in the elements of differen- tial equations. Throughout the year. Two semester hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black 113. Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. This course takes up the solution of the quadratic equation, logarithms, progressions, per- mutations and combinations, and the application of these to financirl problems. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. S. 0. Grimm 123. Mathematics of Finance. — The course seeks to present the mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A de- tailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical problems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, and building and loan associations. Second semester. Three se- mester hours credit. Dr. S. O. Grimm MUSIC 553. Music History and Appreciation. In this course the devel- opments of music are treated briefly, with emphasis placed on the growth of musical movements on the lives, works and influence of the great com- posers. An integral part of the course will be listening to representative music of the different periods of musical history, and of the important composers. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Mary E. Gillespie PHILOSOPHY 32. Ethics.- — ^The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with 12 the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all students proceeding- to a degree. First semester. Two semester hours credit. Dr. Paul 0. Shettel 02. Introduction to Philosophy. — The course is intended to intro- duce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and quicken them to appreciation of the role played by philosophy in the whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing in them a desire to go to the sources. Either semester. Two semester hours credit. Dr. Paul 0. Shettel OR PHILOSOPHY 23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this course the aim will be (1) to trace the development of nhilosophv. nointing out what of permanent value each svstem as it arose contributed toward a final solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction be- tween philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which it flourished. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. P 0. Shettel 23-B. Modern Philosophy. A continuation of 23-A. Second se- mester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. P. 0. Shettel PHYSICS 16. General College Physics. The course will be a thorough in- vestigation of the fundamental principles of Physical Science. Lectures and laboratory work. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Jermain D. Porter 12. General Physics Laboratory. Laboratory work assoc'ated with the subject matter of Physics 16. This course should accompany Physics 16. One semester hour credit. Dr. Jermain D. Forcer PSYCHOLOGY 53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the aDplications of Psvchol- ogv to the various fields of human relations. It includes such tonics as: increase in efficiency, effect of sug!?estions. improvement of nersonality, advertising, and the psychologv of the public platform. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. L. G. Bailey OR 13. General Psychology. This course aims to acauaint the student with the psvchological standpoint and with the fundamental psvcholog'- cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Les- tures, discussions. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. L. G. Bailev 93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the studv of abnor- mal behavior, including such topics as hvsteria. multiple persona lit v. hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study of psychological processes as thev occur in the more marked forms of derangement. Prerequisite: General Psvchology. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. L. G. Bailey OR 63. Mental Hygiene. A studv of wholesome effective personal- ity adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more common and emotional maladjustments among college students. Pre-reauisite: General Psychologv. Second semester. Three semester hoars credit. Dr. L. G. Bailev SOCIOLOGY 16. Principles of Sociology. Throughout the vear. Students mav enter either semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. H. H. Shenk 13 SPANISH 06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who beg'in Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. Dr. Stella J. Stevenson OR 16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Stella J. Stevenson OR 26. Spanish Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Novels and plays will be studied and discussed in class or reported unon. Compo- sition and conversation. Throu<?hout the vear. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Stella J. Stevenson STATISTICS 103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction _ to the use of statistics; method of collection, tabulation and graphic presentation; analysis and interpretation; charts; averages, dispersion and skewness; correlation; application to the study of business cycles, population, and other problems. Required course for all majors in Business Adminis- tration and Economics. The course is a particularly valuable course for those preparing for Civil Service Examinations. This is strictly a first course in statistics. Either semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. Amos Black ASTRONOMY 13. General Astronomy. A course in descriptive astronomy. Re- ports on assigned readings. Important constellations and star groups are studied. A fine four-and-a-half inch achromatic telescope adds to the inter- est of the subject. One semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. S. O. Grimm. These couises in Spanish may he used equally with French. German, Greek, and Latin to meet the general college reciuirement in foreign language. 14 In accordance with the wishes of the War Department, Lebanon Valley College, along with other colleges and universities throughout the country, has accelerated its program of studies. The purpose of this academic speed-up is, on the one hand, to enable young men to com- plete their college education before being called to military service, and, on the other, to enable those who have already been accepted by the Army or Navy for the Enlisted Reserve Corps to complete their educa- tion in the shortest possible time. The accelerated program has been accomplished, not by the elim- ination of standard courses, but by lengthening the summer sessions and increasing the Evening School and Extension classes. It is now possible for students in regular attendance at the College to complete the work required for the baccalaureate degree in three years instead of the traditional four. Extension students may, by taking advantage of the increased number of evening classes offered during both the win- ter and the summer, materially shorten the time hitherto required for attainment of the bachelor's degree. If you wish to learn how the accelerated program may be adapted to your individual needs, write to Dr. M. L. Stokes, Director of Ex- tension and Summer School, Lebanon Valley College.